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 Decentralized Wastewater Systems and the Chesapeake Bay Initiative
Fred R. Gaines
Item Number: NRL2006AC-47
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The objectives of this paper are to introduce the concept of decentralized systems and to demonstrate their application for addressing the water quality criteria developed in response to the Chesapeake Bay initiative, In 1982 the USEPA issued a report that indicated that the Chesapeake Bay watershed was severely stressed by the discharge of nutrients and toxic materials from both point and non-point sources. The Bay is the largest estuary in the United States draining approximately 64,000 square miles. In 1983 the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania joined with the District of Columbia, the State of Maryland, the Commonwealth of Virginia and EPA and signed the Chesapeake Bay Agreement to coordinate its restoration. The States of New York, West Virginia and Delaware were later invited to participate and the Chesapeake 2000 Program was formalized with goals to remove the Bay from the EPA list of impaired water by the year 2010.