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Commercial/Community Wastewater Treatment

Information is available from a wide range of sources to help communities better understand Decentralized/Onsite wastewater treatment -- benefits, responsibilities, funding and much more.

Does Your Community Need a Sewer?

Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Fact Sheets The four documents below offer brief, but compelling reasons why communities should consider decentralized wastewater treatment solutions when making water infrastructure decisions

Manuals and Guidelines

The Local Government Environmental Assistance Network (LGEAN) -  is a "first-stop shop" providing environmental management, planning, funding, and regulatory information for local government elected and appointed officials, managers, and staff.

Case Studies and Demonstration Projects

Decentralized Background and Technology (PDF)  - This presentation talks about the pros and cons of centralized sewers and septic systems. It also discusses different septic system technologies.


Wastewater in Small Communities - Grants & Funding


Nonpoint Source Program (Section 319 Program) - Provides grants to States, territories, and Indian tribes to support a wide variety of activities (including technical assistance, financial assistance, education, training, technology transfer, demonstration projects, and monitoring) to encourage State and local efforts to reduce non-point source pollution.

EPA's Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual - A manual for wastewater treatment professionals that discusses recent developments in treatment technologies, design and long-term management of onsite wastewater treatment systems.


Large-Capacity Septic Systems


Wastewater in Small Communities - Technical Assistance & Training

Wastewater in Small Communities - Tools


Protecting Your Community's Assets: A Guide for Small Wastewater Systems (pdf) - This guide helps utility managers, operators, and local officials improve security and plan for emergency situations affecting wastewater treatment systems. The guide is designed for those who work with systems serving less than 10,000 people, although it may also be of use to those who work in larger systems. -
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Septic Systems: A Practical Alternative for Small Communities (pdf)- Pipeline newsletter, Summer 2004 - When properly designed, installed, and maintained, septic systems can be the most cost-effective and efficient method of wastewater treatment a homeowner can choose. - A Guide to Asset Management for Small Water Systems This 30-page booklet provides a brief overview of asset management for small water and wastewater systems and lists recommended resources for implementing such a program.

Why and How to Educate the Homeowner about Septic Systems
Septic Systems: A Practical Alternative for Small Communities 

Self-Assessment Tool for Small Community Decision Makers (pdf) - Designed to be use by decision makers in small communities, is structured to identify areas where improvements can be made in the management of environmental services. This material may be reproduced with permission from the NESC.

Regulations Affecting Small Systems(pdf) - For techical assistance providers and small community personnel, these tales present an overview of recent anticipated federal regualtion actions summarized in 2005.

RCAP Publications for Small Communities
U.S. Infrastructure Finance Needs for Water and Wastewater

New guide on setting rates for small utilities
New guide on the basics of financial management for small water utilities